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Carlos Monteiro

F. M. Alexander

Frederick Matthias Alexander (1869-1955) was an Australian actor and reciter who developed an educational process that today is called the Alexander Technique – educational method that is used to recognise and surpass habitual patterns of reaction that occur while we go along with our daily lives.

The constant hoarseness follow by periods of voice lost were the first problems that Alexander faced in the beginning of his career as an actor. He searched for medical help numerous times but the problems subsisted.


Unhappy, he decided to use his own observation and rational to be able to solve is problem.

Years of experimentation led him to discover how to prevent hoarseness and voice lost using a method that allowed him to use himself well while on stage and more over in his daily life. Alexander understood that the good use of his vocal cords depended exclusive on the right balance of his neuromuscular system. He started to apply is method in other people and sooner than he expected he had many people including celebrities that were interested in having Alexander sessions.

In 1904, Alexander arrived in London where his reputation grew rapidly.

Alexander worked with many famous people including George Bernard Shaw, Aldous Huxley and many doctors who recognised the scientific principles of the Technique. In 1931, he created the first school of Alexander Teachers in London where he worked until the end of his days (1955).

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